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This Unit 4 Research Project TPC Assignment is research project on Stress Management. The assignment comprises of 4 tasks. Task 1 will define and give an understanding on how to formulate a research specification. This will take an example of the research and accordingly how the research gets defined. Task 2 will consider the data and the sources from where the data collection is done. Task 3 will highlight the evaluation of the research results that are interpreted from the data that is collected from various resources. Task 4 will discuss on the way the research and its interpretations are represented and displayed. Research is really difficult to be carried out. It takes a lot of time and effort to do the results. This assignment will take the example of Stress Management within Public Sector Enterprise “Thermal Power Corporation”.
In this research the whole the focus is being made on the various factors that are causing the stress in Thermal Power Corporation. People in TPC are lacking their confidence due to which the stress level in organization is increasing day by day due to which the workflow and the performance and skills of employees is being affected and the organizational issues are raising. (Anson, 2001) Therefore the concentration of the research will be on the verge to find out various factors that are causing stress among the people of TPC and will try to gather the information that how stress among the people can be reduced so as to manage the workflow of the organization.
This section of research topic will cover various aspects of the stress that are affecting the behaviour of the employees working in the organization. With the help of the research TCP will get to know that what are the various factors of stress that are affecting the performance of the employees working in the organization and the productivity of the organization because of which the workflow of the organization is being affected. (Aurini & Kelly, 2005)
With the assumptions that are being made in regards with the stress in TPC have derived various results and the results that are being derived were very disheartening as the employees working in TPC were facing lot of burden and pressure regarding the work which they were doing.
Another matter of discussion was that the employees working in TPC were not having proper equipments and relevant resources so as to process the work effectively and to manage the workflow of the organization. (Cedoline & Anthony, 2003)And the employees working in the TPC were not being motivated due to which the stress level was increasing and they were not able to focus on the workflow.
There are several factors that contribute to the selection of the research project. These are listed as under:
References will be taken from the primary sources and the secondary sources of the research. Primary will comprise of developing of the questionnaire or a survey and then directly approaching the employees of Thermal Power for their answers. Secondary would be reference to the newspapers, articles, magazines and the research papers that are already published.
Methodology is the part of the research that will include various techniques and actions that are being taken so as to collect the appropriate content in the research. These techniques are being developed so as to make the proper understanding in regards with the research topic so as to make the topic comprehensive and precise. (Edelwich & Brodsky, 2009)
In this research the discussion of the Maslow’s need hierarchy is being done to make a better understanding in regards with the research topic. As the need hierarchy will help in understanding the needs of the people working in the organization and will help in understanding the stress they are having in achieving those needs.
The theory given by the Maslow focuses more over positivism as it is related to the needs of the human which talks about the changing behaviour of human in regards to achieve the various needs. And the fact that comes out with the evaluation of the theory is that people working in the organization remain in stress so as to achieve various needs as they do not get satisfied with the fulfilment of the need and the expectations of people keeps on increasing after achieving one or the other need. (Bourner & Cunningham, 2003)
LO1.5 Provide an appropriate plan and procedures for the agreed research specification
This plan and procedures could be explained in the form of Gantt chart:
Under this task a discussion would be carried out on need to match the resources efficiently to the question and hypothesis of research. As per the agreed procedures and specifications, the investigation for the research has to be carried out. (Bruhn & Breshman, 2001) The data has to be collated and recorded as when required.
In this research project mixed method is being used as the research is all about the behaviour of the human in the workplace in TPC. And hence the questionnaire is being used so as to make in depth evaluation as a primary source and secondary resource is being developed so as to make the authenticated research content. (Huitt, 2007)
The method of design would be very suitable for the research in which the questionnaire will be developed so as to get the effective response from the target population and the valuable feedback from the employees working in TPS.
The method to collect the relevant data in regards with the research is filling up of the questionnaire from various employees working in TPC which will help in providing the comprehensive details in regards with the research topic and will help in understanding the challenges that are being faced by the employees relation in the TPC and will help in finding the possible solution to the concern problem. (Fredrickson & B.L., 2005) The questionnaire is being developed with the help of the experts which include the relevant questions that will help in effective evaluation of the factors involved in stress in TPC.
In this report random sampling technique is being used in the probability sampling so as to address the concern issues so that the justified solution can be made to resolve the issues. The questionnaire technique will be used and the sample size would be 120 employees of TPC so as to develop the content of the research topic. (Aurini & Kelly, 2005)
The data of the research is being shown in the form of charts that are pie charts and bar charts which will represent the quantitative nature and some of the data will be provided in the form of tables so as to make the qualitative data.
The data of the research report is reliable to as it is being taken from all the various authenticated sources and can be manipulated with the ease of access. To maintain the validity factor the privacy techniques has been approached as the information provided by the respondents have been kept secured and proper approval of various government authorities is being taken in regards with the content of the research report. (Anderson & Robert, 2002)
In this section the questionnaires will be analysed and the data collected in terms of the figures would be listed and noted in the form of the tables as given below. They will help us in finding out the results for the stress as per the objectives of our project. This record and collation of the data would be with the application and use of statistical tools like tables, graphs and charts that will give an interpretation of the results. (Hoel, Sparks, & Cooper, 2001) The data is recorded and then analysed. This analysis should then be compared with that of the existing and already carried out researches that will define the occurrence of corrected and authenticate results.
Data from Thermal Power Project
Department Wise Analysis
No of Employees
From the above table and graph it could be analysed that Finance department bears the maximum level of stress in the company. They have to handle cash and plan for the projections and company income and investment. It is due to financial nature of transactions that the stress is measured to be more. Sales is said to perform and gain business for the company. This invites more stress. Operations also has stress but lesser than Finance and Sales. (Quick, 2004) Therefore based on the parameters that figures have been obtained.
Age Wise Analysis
55 & Above
The data and graph show that the age group of 35-45 has maximum level of stress as they face the pressure to perform and present to the management. They have to perform on professional front and even take care of their families with rising inflation levels. The employees in the age group of 55 and above have least pressure to perform as they have already spent their lives (Sapsford, & Jupp, 2006).
Therefore it is with the data collation and the interpretation that the results of the research are revealed and shown to the employees. It is essential that the research person must develop, align and design the research questions and interview analysis questionnaire as per the objectives he has laid down. This will help him get the correct results. These results can then be compared with that of the already published results of other researches and authenticate and validate the research that is carried out.
This task would reveal the appropriate evaluation techniques, methodology in place and how they could be used to actually find out the results for the research that is carried out. The recommendations will surely help in finding out the ways in which the problems could be resolved and solved.
The limitation with the whole process of the research could be that the data which i being provided by the respondent could be wrong as they would have the fear losing their jobs if they would provide the correct information in regards with the stress at the workplace. (Selye, The Stress of Life, 2006) (Selye, Stress Without Distress., 2009)This could lead in losing the authenticity of the research content as false information will lead to reduce the quality of the research topic and the irrelevant evaluation will lead in diminish the quantifiable factor of the research content.
The limitation could be overcome as it is to be make sure that the data which would be collected would be collected from the experienced workers of the organization and it would be insured to them that the information that they would provide will be kept confidential and their names would not be shown to anyone and the information will solely be used in the research only.
After all the evaluation and analysis of the data there are some of the findings that came into existence in regards with the research:
With several findings there are some discussions that are to be made so as to get the in depth knowledge about the issue that is being faced by TCP:
Stress Levels are observed to be high especially in the specific age groups, departments and the levels within the organization. Stress was observed in this Unit 4 Research Project TPC Assignment in the Thermal Power Corporation where the results were assessed through primary and secondary research. Primary Research comprise of carrying out a survey and interview analysis in the form of the questions. Secondary was for the literature review and authentication and validity of the results that were obtained.
The data was interpreted and expressed in the form of the tables, graphs and various other statistical tools. This helped in finding out the exact levels of stress in the company. Finally based on the research results, the data was expressed in the form of the report that should be done as per managerial and academic audiences. This report would be referred and studied even by others and the results could then be analysed and noted by them to carry out their own surveys and making of reports.
Lastly it is essential that the report prepared and presented to the faculties should also have a recommendations and suggestions in the way the stress could be reduced and eliminated from the lives of the people. This will give an impression to the faculty that you have gained and understood the solution of the problem that existed as an objective of the research. In the nutshell a project report has to comprise of all the components that are listed and noted in the research guidelines. The faculty will accordingly compare the interpreted results and format.
Anderson, & Robert, A. (2002). Stress Power: How to Turn Tension into energy. New York: Human Sciences Press.
Anson, C. (2001). Planning for managing the resources: the role of ethics in the aftermath of destruction and mismanagement. Journal of Organizational Research, 1103-1114.
Aurini, L., & Kelly, F. (2005). Stress: A Workbook For Teachers. Hamilton: Hamilton Board of Education.
Bourner, T., & Cunningham, I. (2003). Lead in learning: The process understanding and evaluation process. Development and Learning in Organizations, 123-132.
Bruhn, M., & Breshman, H. (2001). Team learning and its dynamics: Internal and External approach of different learning attributes. Science of Organization, 67-89.