Delivery in day(s): 5
Diploma in Business
Unit Number and Title
Unit 3 Elements of Human Resource Management
Human resource management is the proper managing of the human element in any organisation. In unit 3 elements of human resource management assignment differences within the human resource management and personnel management has been discussed. Different human resource management functions and the legal framework related to the HRM have been discussed. The role and responsibilities of the line managers are given. The reasons for the human resource planning , recruitment and selection system and their different applications in different organisations along with their effectiveness are discussed. Link between the motivational theory and reward system, process of job evaluation, effectiveness of the reward are analysed through this report. Different methods of monitoring the employees, reason and processes behind the exit procedures are discussed by taking in account the case study of Faisal.
Though Human resource management system is the modified version of personnel management there are distinct differences between them. Personnel management is the traditional one and concerned over the workforce and the relationship with the entity. The HRM system has been more focused on the emphasised use of the manpower to achieve the organisational goals. (Banfield, and Kay, 2012).
Differences between HRM and Personnel management:
Human resource management
Human resource management is linked with the line managers and staffs
Independent staff function, with little involvement from the line managers
Integrated with the organisational core strategy
No link with the organisational core strategy
Basis of pay
Team work or group
Division of labour (Banfield, and Kay, 2012).
Tesco has been implemented HRM system within the organisation in order to manage the huge manpower along with diverse individuals. Considering the main perspectives of HRM system the manager of Tesco has been motivating their employees through different reward system, proper training and efficient communication. (Banfield, and Kay, 2012). The HRM system of Tesco is based on the efficient implementation of HR policies. Through applying the policies Tesco managers as well as line managers are improving the performances of the manpower through proper training in respect within the core strategy of organisation to enhance the services. Taking the example of Curators Coffee Studio in central London the personnel management system can be illustrated. The management approaches of the human resources are traditional. The manager has the responsibility to divide the role as per labour division. Training and development session are not provided to the personnel while decision is made by the higher authority. (Banfield, and Kay, 2012).
Line managers are the most responsible person on whom the employees and the organisation is totally dependent. Tesco being a number one brand in UK, relies on the instructions and the positivity of the line managers
As per the legislation which is laid on every organisation tends to have some effect they are:
Planning is very important for the better functioning of any organisation. A full proof effective planning is required for a better performing and making the organisation much more effective:
The need for planning can be discussed as follows:
Forecasting about the future: It is necessary to predict the needs of the employees, which will ultimately help each employee for work even effectively. It helps in managing the large section of people.
Dealing with the change: Proper planning is necessary to deal with the factors which can affect an employee and the organisation as well. The external factors such as the technological factors, political factors,
cultural factors etc are some change which is required for the employees to cope up with.
Planning is very much important in any organisation which tends to increase the level of employees effectiveness. Human resource planning is essential in identifying properly the aims that a company has. It involves certain steps they are as follows:
The two organisations which is being selected by me are namely Marks & Spencer and Tesco
Marks and Spencer
Tesco being a multinational super market it has to follow a somewhat long procedure
Marks and Spencer :
Being a multinational company situated in London, has a long lasting effect on employees so it follows certain rules while hiring new people.
The higher authority with consultation with HR department it identifies the need for hiring after which an full concrete advertisement is being published
M& S it gives equal opportunity to all sections of people irrespective of any kind of race, religion, ethnicity etc.
The applicants which are being applied by several candidates are being properly reviewed and only those candidates are being called who matches the proper skills
Its creates a peaceful surrounding between the employees and the place they are working without any kind of discrimination
Which is followed by shore listing of the candidates
After several rounds and tests , the candidates who are found to match with internal and external criteria’s are being selected
Mark and Spencer firstly reviews the need for hiring an employee where it readily consults with all kinds of staffs and higher management , thus an advertisement is being given
They are then provided with the contract of appointment
After which applicants from several places are being invited and after which the real work starts
After this only those people are selected who matchers the skills as mentioned
After which they are being interviewed,
And only the applicant matching with all the criteria is being selected
Thereby his appointment letter is handed over
After which a training session of about 4 weeks is being given for the employee.
(Lagerveld, Bültmann, Franche, Van Dijk, Vlasveld, Van der Feltz-Cornelis, Bruinvels, Huijs, Blonk, Van Der Klink, and Nieuwenhuijsen, 2010)
The process of recruitment and selecting of candidates are very much different, the organisation are NHS and Dominos:
National health services is a UK’s best health services, it believes that the effectiveness very much depends o the process of the hiring:
Dominos being a big fast food pizza brand uses some easy steps:
The key factor helps employees to perform its organisational goal and serves as a force which drives the employees to work even harder and harder and accomplish the goal readily .as the word sounds it makes people more effective in the way they work .
The organisation chosen by me is ASDA, the renowned supermarket; it tends to follow certain theory which tends to help the employees to motivate n work more efficiently.
This theory is based on 5 kinds of need which is important for every employee:
It is very important to analyse and access the effectiveness of the job. Evaluating a job is very important as it will help to value how the work is being performed by each employee. There should not exist any kind of inequality, unequal pay. Asda being a well known brand should take into account that each of its employees is being given equal opportunities of work. So it is important to analyse it.
Reward helps organisations and employees to perform in a better and in an efficient manner, it is the by proper reward system that the employees gets the drive to work more and more towards achieving the goal.
At Asda different kinds of rewards are being used in order to make the employees much more motivated they are:
There are two types of rewards:
The performance of the employees should be monitored by collecting the performance information and analysing the performances based on previous set targets in terms of timescale or achievements. The performance should be monitored for acknowledging the current state of their performance and measuring their ability to achieve the target audience. The purpose behind the performance monitoring is to analyse the current state not having control over the performance. There are different methods which are used for the performance monitoring:
Faisal a 54 year old man was being terminated by the owner Bob, due to certain misconduct which is being made by him. Bob who is owner of a fast food chips centre, appointed Faisal with the hope that his experience will help the food centre to increase its sales number.
The underlying reasons are as follows:
Cessation of employment can take place under certain conditions:
Employees separate from an organisation due:
4.2 Describe the employment exit procedures used by The Chicken Master and another organisation of your choice
The organisation chosen by me which represents such exit procedures are NHS and the chicken master:
The chicken master: The fast food centre, owned by bob, usually a simple and legal process of exit. Bob was bound to fire Faisal a 43 year old person due to certain conditions:
Bob did not take care of the restaurant conditions and kept the entire restaurant unhygienic.Bob, being an owner followed some simple steps before terminating Faisal from employment.He surveyed about the entire scenario, which took place, after much proof and looking after the facts, he tried to give Faisal some training.But Bob after much training did not take any initiative and bob under such conditions fired Faisal. (education.vic, 2016)It starts with processing of the resignation letter and then it is given certain notice period which the employee has to serve.After such stages , the employee is given certain norms to give an interview related to exit from the job , where he is being asked about the proper reasons , if the employee has undergone any kind of grievances etcAfter the sessions of interview , they are asked to fill a list of references wherethey are being filed for future workAfter which the employee is being given a certificate of leaving.And his entire files are being kept properly and documented properly. (education.vic, 2016)
4.3 Consider the impact of the legal and regulatory framework on employment cessation arrangements with an organisation such as The Chicken Master if Faisal’s claim was proven to be true.
Terminating any employees from any organisation requires proper proof to be maintained by chicken master in this case. The UK government has laid down certain rules which mention that the entire organisation must have sufficient proof to ensure that the grounds under which an employee is just. (education.vic, 2016).
In this context the owner of the chicken master bob, has terminated bob because , Faisal being an senior person should have paid more attention towards the increase of the chicken master sales and profit rather he used the used equipments in his personal uses. He used to help his daughter with his work from work and using the office equipments. under the UK government it specifies that the place of work especially a restaurant should be kept absolutely hygienic , and if there is seen any kind of unhygienic factor strict action are being taken. UK policies have strict order, performing each and every rule as depicted in the law. Under such scenario, the decision taken by Bob, the owner is pretty much under the rules and regulation if the law which he took. Now the question comes, if the allegations are found to be true then, Faisal being an elderly person, it can be he is not found guilty if this is the case then bob will have to bear a heavy compensation from the government of UK, he can be amounted today a hefty amount of money and pay it to Faisal and at the same time, bob might have to appoint Faisal again in the restaurant, the chicken master. Faisal very cleverly has filed the petition, knowing that he being a senior person can get a benefit of doubt. There are chances that the license of bob, for running the fast food centre the chicken master can be cancelled. Therefore it is expected that bob, has maintained all the norms before firing Faisal from his employment.
Human resource management is all about managing the richest element in any organisation is the human element. So there is proper ways to make the employees in an organisation properly motivate and look into their needs and functionality. In this assignment different aspect of human resource management and personnel management and the impact it has on different organisation are analysed. Different kinds of motivational theory help an organisation behaviour to increase the level of performance. Job evaluation methods are essential part of the human resource management in any organisation. Through the human resource planning the organisation like Tesco analyse can be able to have proper skills and better competencies which would be needed in achieving the organisational goals.
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