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Unit 11 Role of Public Health Care Assignment
For the proper monitoring and managing the services related to health care the leading public organizations are majorly responsible for providing the information and effective guideline that could help society to protect from the inflection and non-inflection disease. Unit 11 role of public health care assignment will analyze and explain the role of different types of agencies and provide the statistical data for infection and non-infection dieses. In the next task, report will explain the future trends of health and social care and assess the health and well being priority of the health care setting. Moreover, report will discuss the changes that could be made to improve the health and wellbeing of lady considering the case study role of health care organization.
1.1 In health and social care it is paramount to identify levels of health and disease in communities which is regulated by different agencies; explain the role of international, national and local agencies
For determining the health standard and analyzing the key issues that are influencing the health of individual and communities the role of agencies at different level is important. There various agencies that conducting research and organizing activities for encouraging the health of individual using the data that has been collected from reliable sources. The health and social care sector organizations like National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) is one of the leading health care public sector agencies that standard guideline for maintaining good health and process of preventing from disease. According to analysis if role of the NICE it is been carried out that, agency is developing and implementing the rules and regulations for offering the proper treatment to the patients and monitoring the approach of local health care organization as per the benchmarking standard (The Role of WHO in Public Health, 2016 ). The approach of organization is differing from the private sector health care agencies.
The leading international health care agency is WHO which is regulating the policy and standard for all types of health care settings across the world to ensure the nations implement the regulations at each level of health care activities. The agency is collecting the data about the all types of disease that have significant impact on the public health and establish the process to provide the support to overcome the impact on the individual and society. The major role of WHO is to analyze the conditions of people around the world and provide the essential support by offering funds and technology to overcome the impact of disease and increase the level of health (Hartig.et.al. 2013). In UK, National Health and Social care organization (NHS) is leading public sector health care agency that offering the direction and support to the local health and social care organization in UK for maintaining the services standard and have the proper monitoring of the society about the disease. In addition to this, NHS is analyzing the data about the infection and non-infection disease for developing the more professional services that overcome the negative impact on the health of the population as well provide the prior guideline for prevention.
1.2 Explain using statistical data from research, the epidemiology of one infectious and one non-infectious disease that is widespread in their own
There are majorly two types of disease have been identified like infection and non-infection. Infection diseases are disorder caused by the organism due to bacteria, viruses or fungi. On the other hand non-infection dieses are result of non communicable disorder that arise from inside of body due to heredity conditions or dietary deficiency. In addition to this, non infection disease also occurs through changes in the environmental factors. Following are the major infection and non-infection disease that have significant impact on the healthof individual in UK:
- Influenza: This infection disease is known as the flu that spread through air and touch of the infected people. According to the analysis of data of the UK agency for this dieses, it is been carried out that 3 out of 10 people are suffering from the flu or having the symptoms of influenza that increasing the complications in body and results as sinus, ear infection, dehydration, congestive heart failure and pneumonia (Efstathiou.et.al. 2010). The statist’s shows that 30,000 people were died of influenza in 2012-13 which is 66% higher than the same time of previous. In order to overcome the impact of the dieses the local health care setting and NHS are working together by offering the knowledge about the prevention from the flu and providing the vaccines for children and old age people.
- Diabetes: This one of the serious type of non-infection dieses that is affecting the body of the individual and lead to the high complexity in the nervous system and increase the probability of heart attacks. According to report of employee relation of NHS, more than 1million people of UK are affecting from the diabetes which is serious issue (Office for National Statistics, 2016). However the health care organizations are offering the information about prevention from diabetes but the current lifestyle and diet of the individual are key issues that increasing the numbers of patients.
1.3 Using the research chosen there are different approaches and strategies, evaluate the effectiveness in order to control the incidence of diseases
For the prevention and control over the impact of identified disease the leading health care public agencies are using different strategy and approaches that have significant impact on the betterment of society. Following are the key approach and strategies:
- Approaches: The health care agencies of UK are using the intervention and creating awareness about the prevention from the infection and non-infection dieses. The leading health care organization like NHS is offering the proper guideline to local health care setting for providing the treatment for these dieses and craft improvement in the health standard of community (Caley.et.al. 2014). Moreover, approach involves the monitoring of public health issues for developing the prior plan for controlling the impact of flu and diabetes.
- Strategy: For controlling the dieses the strategy that has been adopted by the health care agencies is prevention that involves three different category like primary, secondary and territory. Primary prevention used for enhancing the health protection specification whereas secondary includes the identification of symptoms of health care issues (Nutt, 2013). In addition to this, territory stage is known as blocking stage in which actions have been taken for making the changes in the surrounding for reducing the impact of disease like flu and diabetes.
2.3 The future needs of health and social care services will be influenced by current lifestyle choices. Analyze
The current life style of people is very hectic and stressful as well use of fast-food and soft and hard drinks is influencing the level of sugar which is resulting as the diabetes and obesity. According to given case, Mrs. Senna is getting the tenement of obesity and diabetes and suggested for gastric bypass surgery. The care professional has advised for following the make changes in the diet for maintaining the health and reduce the weight. The lifestyle of UK people is changing as the process of working and tight schedule for daily operations is affecting the health which will have the major consequences in future (Tasdemir-Ozdes.et.al. 2016). The high consumption of alcohol, junk food and less exercise and tour and travel is affecting the health of the people. Now to overcome the negative impact of the current lifestyle it is the responsibility of the health care agencies to create the awareness about the negative impact of the access uses of the junk food, lack of nutrition and morning exercise. For meeting the future needs the educational practices should be applied which will help to create the awareness in the society and overcome the issues of obesity and diabetes like Mrs. Senna. In addition to this, consuming food free of high sodium, saturated fats, processed chemicals and added sugar helps in keeping body fit and fine and proper functioning.
3.1 Assess the health and wellbeing priorities for Mrs. Senna in a particular health or social care setting
According to given case, Mrs. Senna is a 34 years old woman diagnosed with Obesity and diabetics Type 2; she has been administered to hospital by the paramedic team from the emergency medical services as she suffered a heart attack at home. By considering the health issues which Mrs. Senna is facing the key wellbeing priorities are offering the support and proper diet to reduce the weight and control the sugar. For that health care professional of particular health setting has advised her to perform the exercise and follow the diet that has been proposed by the care workers which will help her to overcome the impact of the health issues. In addition to this the major priority of the health care setting is to control the level of sugar and blood pressure which is essential for offering the other treatment option for diabetes (Langford.et.al. 2014). By providing the mental and emotional support to Mrs. Senna the care setting will able to improve the health conditions of her as well as influence knowledge about the proper lifestyle that helps to maintain the standard of healthy living. Moreover, by offering the quality health care services to Mrs. Senna the health care organization able to meet the wellbeing objectives.
3.2 and 3.4 Evaluate the effectiveness of strategies, systems and policies and evaluate an activity that can be implemented to encourage behavioral change of Mrs. Senna that will directly maximize her health in a health or social care setting
According to given case study, the health care setting is offering the all required treatment to Mrs. Senna and offering the mental and emotional treatment. The strategy and policies applied by the health care organization is having the significant impact on the wellbeing of the lady and encouraging her to follow the advice and process that suggested by the care professional. The proper monitoring and constant improvement in the quality of services is helping organization for offer the much needed care services to Mrs. Senna and maintain the effectiveness of policy and system that health care organization follows for offering the standard treatment (McPhee.et.al. 2014). Apart from that, to encourage the behavior change of Mrs. Senna can use the Yoga and exercise for reducing the weight and control the level of sugar. By using such activities the health care organization could help the lady to maximize the health and improve the mental and physical state of Mrs. Senna. In addition to this, The behavioural change includes various tools used like training, education, health programs, etc which stress an individual to adopt proper diet and avoid substances which harms their body such as drugs, alcohol and junk foods. Proper diet and intervention activities will help the care setting to maximize the health.
3.3 Discuss changes that could be made to improve the health and wellbeing of Mrs. Senna in health and social care setting or the public to encourage healthy lifestyle
In order to craft improvement in the health and wellbeing of Mrs. Senna the health care organization can implement the changes in the process of offering the care services and lifestyle of lady. For that purpose, the care worker will offer the information about the general health and wellbeing activities which needs to be followed at different stages of life. As Mrs. Senna is 34 years old and had heart attacks at home, by considering that fact organization will advice her to use the low oil and junk food, perform the Yoga activities in the morning and evening time and walk. This kind of approach and changes in the lifestyle of Mrs. Senna will help to maintain the standard in the health care process as well achieve the required parameters for health according to guideline of the personal and professionals (Anderson, 2013). However the people are aware about the consequences of changes in the lifestyle and process of performing the daily activities but lack of alertness and own requirements are affecting the health. Now to overcome the impact of obesity and diabetic Mrs. Senna is advised to follow the changes proposed by the health care professionals.
From the study it is been carried out that health care agencies are playing the significant role in the development and implementation of health care system and creating awareness about the prevention from the infection and non-infection diseases. Report has provided the statistical data about the flu and diabetes in UK and discuss about the different approaches and strategy that have been used for controlling the impact. Moreover report has defined the future needs of care services considering the current life style and evaluated the effectiveness of strategy and policies of health care settings for encouraging the health of Mrs. Senna as well as discussed about the change that could be made for wellbeing of Mrs. Senna in health care setting.
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Books and journals
Anderson, R.M., 2013. The population dynamics of infectious diseases: theory and applications. Springer.
Caley, M., Chohan, P., Hooper, J. and Wright, N., 2014. The impact of NHS Health Checks on the prevalence of disease in general practices: a controlled study. Br J Gen Pract, 64(625), pp.e516-e521.
Efstathiou, S.P., Pefanis, A.V., Tsiakou, A.G., Skeva, I.I., Tsioulos, D.I., Achimastos, A.D. and Mountokalakis, T.D., 2010. Fever of unknown origin: discrimination between infectious and non-infectious causes. European journal of internal medicine, 21(2), pp.137-143.
Hartig, T., Mitchell, R., De Vries, S. and Frumkin, H., 2014. Nature and health. Annual Review of Public Health, 35, pp.207-228.
Langford, R., Bonell, C.P., Jones, H.E., Pouliou, T., Murphy, S.M., Waters, E., Komro, K.A., Gibbs, L.F., Magnus, D. and Campbell, R., 2014. The WHO Health Promoting School framework for improving the health and well?being of students and their academic achievement. The Cochrane Library.
McPhee, S.J., Papadakis, M.A. and Tierney, L.M. eds., 2010. Current medical diagnosis & treatment 2010. New York:: McGraw-Hill Medical.
Nutt, D., 2013. Addiction: lifestyle choice or medical diagnosis?. Journal of evaluation in clinical practice, 19(3), pp.493-496.