Delivery in day(s): 5
Diploma in Travel and Trousim
Unit Number and Title
Unit 1 Travel and Tourism Management
The report is about the cultural and historical developments all over the globe. Here we have taken London as an example for making the best utilization of the questions to make the understanding of the people in the fair mode. Although in the report lots of places are analysed with their developments and the possibilities in the future they will be facing and the challenges they are overcoming but with the growing repute and repo the countries will be techno-advanced and make lots of labour from the machineries only. Here we are discussing the travel and tourism development as the places like London are developing with a high speed as compare to the rest of the world, it attracts lots of tourists which in turn generate revenues for the country development and growth.
The key historical developments in the travel and tourism sector in London will be classified in several sections. These sections are as follows:
Post Industrial situation of London: The post industrial developments have significant steps and activities in London. This boost the economic transaction, connectivity with other areas and globalization in the area. This also allows other traders to come to the place and trade with world class leading infrastructure and other inventions. The post industrial situation of the city was well established as it was considered to be the commercial cities of the nation and experiencing lots of traffic for the trade and purchase purposes.
Post War developments: The prosperity of the city and reputation entails the nation. It was a centre of culture, significance and finance. But the superpower bloc was missed after the wars. Britain almost release all the territories and make them free with their divisional blocs like they release Hong Kong and return it to China. Their major funds were involved in the wars and hence they were suffering the crisis with the finance. But the labour party works tremendously for growth and development and raise the funds with their industrialization capacity making the sites improved and developed for better generating the revenues (Badzagua & Badzagua, 2015).
Current developments: Today London is considered to be one of the most and prime city for fashion. There are huge developments related with technology, sites development, tourist spots, maintenance, drainage system, business architecture and other logistics. People are attracted to this place because of lively life here which is busy in developing and growing each day.
The factors facilitating growth are discussed as follows:
Firstly the report will put some focus on the history of London place where we will be discussing some of the major events, places and activities happened over the period. This will provide an idea of how developed the place was and what sort of experience will it be concluding to make the proper assumptions in the techno field and development of tourism in its roots. The history is including pilgrimages and the grand tours as an event and place. The activities like post-industrial revolution, post war and current situation of the place.
London is a diversified place. Lots of people are attracted to this place as it has lots of things to do. Firstly, there are lots of pilgrimages which are Lisieux - Lourdes and Nevers. It's a basilica of St. Theresa and hence the best place to visits. It is a very old place and a very religious catholic place. Other pilgrimages are The Holy Land, Fatima & Lisbon, Rome and Krakow. These all the places are highly reputed with the catholic origin and hence these all are experiencing millions of visitors every year. With the reputation of these places there are roll over and development in almost every year. We can better understand this with an example, the pilgrimages like Holy Land, Lisieux and Nervers, Lourdes are developed in every sense today, i.e. they are well connected with roads, by air, by coach, they are developed with the best amenities in terms of accommodation, parking and other features. Also there are many financial resources which can meet out the personnel needs in case of requirements. It is needless to say that these places are well equipped with the tour operators and guide who are providing many services according to the custom based requirements (Yoveva, 2014).
The structure of travel and tourism sector are as follows:
With the above discussion the conclusions can be drawn in the favour of the London which is a developed site. It has adequate usage of the technology and making fair and stable advancements in the country to experience traffic related with travel and tourism. Also they are not developing their site as a sustainable site where they are involving technology and funds regularly.
In this task sections over the influence and impact of the government on the developed and developing sites will be covered. There are certain sections providing details related with the national and international bodies working in this direction to resolute the travel related problems and make the proper mechanism for better experience of attractions.
The government helps sustainability and development in each areas of the country. When it comes to travel and tourism development each government across the globe in interested in experiencing the traffic from different countries as it increases their foreign reserves which makes the country wealthy and sound making appropriate arrangements. There are various types of regulatory bodies working in this direction which are discussed as follows:
Local governments: The local governments takes care of the sites on the basis of the local administration like cleaning of the sites, requirements of the sites are conveyed to regional or national levels, safety of the tourists and other administration and operational procedures.
Regional governments: The regional governments received the notes from local governments and sanction the funds which are received from the national governments proportionately. They took serious monitoring on the local governments and have ombudsman scheme in case of any dissatisfaction of the tourists with local governments (Xu, Barbieri, Anderson, Leung & Rozier-Rich, 2016).
National governments: The national governments are sanctioning the funds to each areas, they are propagating and making the policies which are followed. They are developing the sites in a discrete manner which can experience the traffic of tourists.
Government sponsored bodies: There are several government sponsored bodies which are as follows:
British Tourist Authority - It develops and prepare the policy and make the monitoring of the states whether they are following proper tourism channels or not.
English Tourism Council. Etc - These are sanctioning the funds to the states in case of need for the tourism development and growth.
International agencies: The below mentioned are the international agencies working in the field to promote and develop the tourism.
There are great influences from the local and national economic policies where travel and tourism sector depends on it. These influences are classified as follows:
The political change is also one of the foremost reasons for the development and growth of the sites. For example, Labour party has prepared a plan for developing London, but democratic party will not get it passed if it comes in power and create another plan on different site. This is related with the opposition and power governments where a cold fight between sanctioning and not sanctioning the plans are gone viral. These all are done with self interests and decreasing the confidence of other party and with this good plans and policies are seldom rejected which are not paid any attention later.
One more example in this direction is related with the outsourcing of the work. The Britain and other European countries are outsourcing their work where they are getting cheap work done from the Asian and poor countries. This is impacting the employment in the same country. Hence Labour party favour with percentage sharing of outsourcing to other countries. But democratic party do not pass the resolution and hence this amendment is still in vain.
Planning to minimise negative effects of tourism: The political parties try to minimize negative effects of tourism if are in power to make the stability of the tourism. They protect the tourists with the evils in the societies, they make the proper arrangements and other manifestos for the tourists to make them guided in a unique manner to make them return frequently in the places. They make the tourist sites clean and developed and equipped with surveillances and monitoring which makes the proper arrangements of the tourists according to their custom based requirements and comfortable accommodations (Stylidis, Biran, Sit & Szivas, 2014).
This task has provided the impact and influence details related to the travel sites as per the political change and other government and regulatory bodies. This report provides us details related with the economic and finance changes which occurs in the nation. A nation is in need of developing the sites as it is helpful in generating the funds and increase the foreign reserves which both stages are good for a nation. It will develop the prosperity and entail success. This report has also concluded local, regional and national governments roles and functions which are related with the tourism development. They are helping and assisting in the growth and sustainability.
In this report we are developing an information pack which will be provided to the manager of the TUI group where based on the further analysis the information will be utilized to develop a successful product. The report is covering factors affecting the tourist demand and demand and supply combination to understand the market changes.
The main factors which can affect the tourism demand are as follows:
Demographics: The main reasons for the tourism attractions are the demographics. These can be related with the regional communities, environment or nature based calamities or the sites which are not active in the particular season.
Technological: The technological impact also affects the tourism. For example a site developed with all the latest innovations and technology will equally experience the tourists rather than a place with no facilities or technological upgrade. Simply a tourist will never be at that place where there are no facilities of ventilation or air cooling, or coffee machine etc.
Influence of currency exchange rates: The currency also play a major role for tourists to decide whether to visit the place or not. The currency rates are better understood with the example. A USA citizen wants to visit London. Now the currency of both the states are different. US is dollar and London is Pound and there is a huge difference between them. Now if pound is cheap or conversion rate is down for pound than the traveller will quickly made the decision of the travelling, and in case the pound is costly they will employability skill the program or postpone it. As the conversion rates has a great impact on the consumer spending (Semley, Huang & Dalton, 2016).
Political stability: The political stability is another one of the major reasons which affects the tourism demand. The site development and sanctioning of the funds to develop the site are two parallel parameters which are not working together. Like, the labour party is in administration in centre which is at national level but the democratic party is in administration in any particular region, now they are calling centre for funds but are not getting the proper funds to utilize or develop the site. This is the case where they have conflicts and are under developing the sites. The political instability like the repetition of the single government or collapse of the major governments are both harmful for tourism demand and development. Hence a country should be political stable to experience the adequate tourist demand.
Interest rate inflation: The interest rate inflation can be associated with the currency conversion rates. It's the same concept as the interest rates are tending hike it will make the loan and advancements costly which will make the people not taking advantages of it and simultaneously not making the plans and vice versa.
Globalisation: The globalization has also deep impact on the tourists demand which is related with the treaty between the countries. Like the trade which is increasing in the inter nations allows people to visit different nations not only for the purpose of global trade but also for the purpose of visiting that places for tour leisure purpose which generates revenue in either ways (Pulido-Fernández & Merinero-Rodríguez, 2016).
To analyze the supply which has changed and meet the effects of the demand we need to understand the factors of the demand which are described as follows:
Macro-economic factors plays a great role in the demand. These are related with the traffic coming from all over the world equated the conversion rates and interest inflation. For example, US dollar is cheap than pound in present, and hence US will not attract towards visiting UK but on the same moment Asian countries conversion are stable or high and hence they are routing towards visiting UK. This makes an eco balance where conversion rates will not impact on the macro economics level (Huang, Beeco, Hallo & Norman, 2016). Now coming to supply section of the report, there are several elements which makes the supply influential to affect the demand of the tourism. This is related with the below provided classification. These are as follows:
These above discussions are significant to develop the product for tourists. This report is covering all the parameters of the tourism demand which is affecting the sites and relationship between supply and demand.
In this report section we have discussed the positive and negative economic impacts on the tourism and tourist sites. These are really important to discuss so that the visitors can be well aware with the consequences what can happen with them at that places. Also the proper arrangements should be made in the direction of social up-lift in regard to make the tourists safe and secure. Below are the points covered with the positive and negative elements in the tourism and strategies which are needed to eradicate the negative elements from the tourism.
The main positive and negative economic, environmental and social impacts of tourism are as follows:
The positive impacts are as follows:
The negative impacts are as follows:
There are lots of strategies which can reduce the severity of the negative impacts in the tourist sites and make the positive impacts maximised. These strategies are classified as follows:
From above all points we can conclude that there are many positive and negative points in the tourism related with the economical, financial, social and other activities. These should be eradicated by considering the best practices and involving the strategies in the market to make the tourists feel comfortable while visiting a place. A separate funds and monitoring section should be focused on this derivative to make the astonishing success in the tourism development.
Badzagua, M. & Badzagua, M. 2015, "SIGNIFICANCE OF CRIMINOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN TOURISM DEVELOPMENT", European Scientific Journal,
De Vita, G. & Kyaw, K.S. 2016, "Tourism development and growth", Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 60, pp. 23-26.
Fletcher, C., Pforr, C. & Brueckner, M. 2016, "Factors influencing Indigenous engagement in tourism development: an international perspective", Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 24, no. 8-9, pp. 1100-1120.
FUNDEANU, D. 2015, "MODEL OF HEALTH TOURISM DEVELOPMENT - SPA TOURISM CLUSTER", Management & Marketing, , no. 1, pp. 216-227.
Huang, W., Beeco, J.A., Hallo, J.C. & Norman, W.C. 2016, "Bundling attractions for rural tourism development", Journal of Sustainable Tourism, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 1387-1402.
Pulido-Fernández, J.I. & Merinero-Rodríguez, R. 2016, "Destinations' relational dynamic and tourism development", Journal of Destination Marketing & Management,
Semley, N., Huang, R. & Dalton, J. 2016, "Feedback for Learning Development: Tourism students' perspective", Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, vol. 19, pp. 41-53.
Stylidis, D., Biran, A., Sit, J. & Szivas, E.M. 2014, "Residents' support for tourism development: The role of residents' place image and perceived tourism impacts", Tourism Management, vol. 45, pp. 260-274.
Woo, E., Kim, H. & Uysal, M. 2015, "Life satisfaction and support for tourism development",Annals of Tourism Research, vol. 50, pp. 84-97.
Xu, S., Barbieri, C., Anderson, D., Leung, Y. & Rozier-Rich, S. 2016, "Residents' perceptions of wine tourism development", Tourism Management, vol. 55, pp. 276-286.
Yang, J., Ge, Y., Ge, Q., Xi, J. & Li, X. 2016, "Determinants of island tourism development: The example of Dachangshan Island", Travel and Tourism Sector, vol. 55, pp. 261-271.
Yoveva, I.K. 2014, "Strategic Networks for Sustainable Tourism Development", Almatourism,vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 19-35.