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The aim of this unit is to raise learners’ awareness of factors influencing public health and the different approaches taken to reduce incidence of disease and illness in communities.
The unit requires learners to investigate the roles of different agencies working within communities to reduce the incidence of disease and illness. They will investigate infectious and non-infectious diseases that are widespread in their own country and analyse the effectiveness of strategies that are in place to control the incidence of disease. Regional, national and international perspectives and priorities will be considered. This will be followed by investigating the health and social care provision that is available and then analysing factors that influence the wellbeing of individuals within a care setting.
1 Understand different approaches and strategies used to measure, monitor and control the incidence of disease in communities
- Roles of different agencies: local, national, international agencies eg local authorities, health trusts, government, European Union, World Health Organization, voluntary organisations
- Epidemiology: incidence (geographical distribution, incidence rates, trends); vulnerable groups; causes; spread and controls
- Infectious disease: one of eg influenza, food/water borne infections, HIV/AIDS, a childhood illness, tuberculosis, MRSA
- Non-infectious disease: one of eg malignant disease, cardiovascular diseases obesity, asthma
- Statistical data: graphical, numerical, tabular; probabilities, incidence rates, trends
- Approaches and strategies: surveillance, screening, immunisation, education, legislation, social welfare, environmental controls.
2 Be able to investigate the implications of illness and disease in communities for the provision of health and social care services
- Priorities and approaches: prevention, treatment, palliative care, remedial care
- Relationship:planning, facilities, expertise, partnership working, funding, individual versus public good
- Lifestyle choices: diet, exercise, substance use, work culture, relaxation
3 Understand the factors influencing health and wellbeing of individuals in health or social care settings
- Priorities: factors eg safety and security, mobility, diet, hygiene, intellectual, social, emotional needs
- Strategies, systems and policies: organisation of service provision, quality of provision, choices, complaints policies, partnerships, involvement of friends and family
- Activity to encourage behaviour change: education, physical exercise, games, consultation exercises (eg focus group), input from specialists.
- Bojesen, A., Høst, C. & Gravholt, C.H. 2010, "Klinefelter's syndrome, type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome: the impact of body composition", Molecular human reproduction,vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 396-401.
- Dearnaley, P. 2014, "Competitive advantage in the new social care marketplace: a new theoretical perspective", Housing, Care and Support, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 5-15.