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Diploma in Travel and Trousim
Unit Number and Title
Unit 4 Research Project – British Museum
Introduction: British Museum is the effective museum that based over human history, art and culture. It is located in Bloomsbury area of London, UK. They attain a huge collection related to the human culture and dictate the story of human culture from their beginningto till present. It was established in the year 1753 and get opened on 15th January, 1759. Over 2.5 centuries it get expanded in the effective manner within the globe and it also results into creating various branches and their first branch was British Museum in South Kensington in the year 1881 related to the Natural History. In the year 1973, as per the British Library Act 1972 the library department get detached from the British Museum but they continue to run British Library in their same reading room and building as the Museum till the year 1997. Department for culture, Media and Sport sponsor that Museum is a non-departmental public body and like all other national museum of UK, they also didn't charge any kind of admission fee except loan exhibitions.
The major items that get included under the Museum are related to the cultural art objects and the antiquities. There are collection of around 71,000 items that include approx 40,000 printed books, 7000 manuscripts, specimens including 337 volumes related to dried plants, prints and drawing related to various region such as Sudan, Greece, Egypt, Rome, Americas and the Far East.
Problem statement: The identified problem statement is that the number of tourists get dipped down in the list of the visitors. There is effective need to increase the number of tourists in order to visit the British Museum. Although the British Museum is highly developed and attract number of visitors in the daily basis but from the sometime there is adequate fall is noted down within total number of tourist visitors (Lodge, 2010).
The objective of this research study are as follows: -
Research Aim: The aim of research study is to gather the adequate data from different sources in order to meet out the set objectives. So it is important to gather the data from different sources but need to take care that it should be current as well as relevant to the research study and after evaluation it render adequate set of information that helps in meeting out the set research objectives.
British Museum was established in the year 1753 and get opened on 15th January, 1759. Over 2.5 centuries it get expanded in the effective manner within the globe and it also results into creating various branches and their first branch was British Museum in South Kensington in the year 1881 related to the Natural History. In the year 1973, as per the British Library Act 1972 the library department get detached from the British Museum but they continue to run British Library in their same reading room and building as the Museum till the year 1997 (Paddon, 2016).
There were various controversies faced by the British Museum in the form of whether they are allowed to posses such items or artefacts that get collected from different countries. Huge criticism is faced by the British Museum over it and among their collection the most disputed objects are Elgin Marbles, Benin Bronzes and Rosetta Stone. Their native countries including Greece, Nigeria and Egypt make effective demand of returning these items to them as they are their historical elements. Greece claim the Parthenon Marbles that also get demanded by the UNESCO (Whittaker, 2015). Among the recent years there are various controversies are made in context to the reparation of artefacts gathered from the Old Summer Palace in Beijing during the period of Anglo-French invasion of China in the year 1860. Chinese investigators ask the British Museum and other museums also in order to open their achieves during the year 2009 so that they make adequate investigations which is considered as their international mission to document lost national treasures. The fear behind not allowing them for investigation is that they may return these treasures and in the year 2010 British and Chinese investigator under Director of British Museum (Mr Neil MacGregor) they work together over their controversial collection (Luckhurst, 2013).
The British Museum refused to return these artefacts and stated that if all these items get returned to the respective or native nations then along with British Museum all other Museums in the whole world become empty as the collected articles get returned to their native places. They also make use of British Museum Act of 1963 in which it is stated that once the item is entered into the collection list then it become illegal to take it out from the collection (Speakman, 2014).
Research Methodology: -
There are some steps need to be followed in order to process the research study some of them are: -
In the below table action plan is shown such as: -
Select research topic
Select methods and Prepare required documents
Target population and took approvals
Summary and report submission
Gantt chart: -
Below are the research questions made in context to the research study and also get answered with the help of
R1:Identify the development requirement or changes within the British Museum?
There is adequate requirement or changes made within the British Museum as it is required for making the visiting interesting and experiencing. British Museum management need to conduct various activities that enhance the experience of visitors. With the help of the development the visiting become effective enough that enhance their knowledge as well as they get entertainment in effective manner. With the help of it they didn't get bored and effectively receive the required set of information related to the human history.
R2:Is British Museum render adequate set of information and knowledge related to the human history?
British Museum having diverse sections that shows history of the human resourse culture of the different regions. All these sections render adequate set of information and knowledge to the visitors and with the effect of it there is effective addition is made within their information and knowledge. All the artefacts get placed that get collected from the centuries and render adequate set of information for the betterment of the human knowledge.
R3: What are the critics faced by the British Museum?
There are numerous criticisms faced by the British Museum as there are various items or artefacts gathered by them from the different regions and these regions such as Egypt, Rome, etc. are demanding them in order to take back to their respective native places and desired to put them in their museum in order to support their history and other facts. These are the effective factors that lead towards criticism against the British Museum and affect their image which results into decrease in the number of their visitors lists in the form of foreigner visitors.
Research study follows the adequate tool in order to gather the data from the market. And in the below table questionnaire is prepared in effective manner.
British Museum rendered adequate set of information related to history.
It is worth visiting the British Museum.
The services rendered by the Museum staff is adequate enough to facilitate visitors.
The labels placed in museum are sufficient enough to guide the ways.
All the historical objects placed in Museum are easily visible.
The services are effective enough that satisfying the needs of visitors.
The diverse galleries attract the visitors in effective manner.
The entry fees charged by Museum department is reasonable.
Museum include history collection of different regions and countries.
Diverse historical collection helps in getting diverse set of information.
In order to record the data different sources get analysed that helps in getting adequate set of information which get utilised for the purpose of answering the set research questions and meeting their objectives. There are different sources are there but all these sources get segregated into two parts and these two get discussed below such as: -
Primary source: -The sources that render recent and current information related to the research topic that source get termed as primary source. In this research study British Museum is utilised for the purpose of conducting survey program. Questionnaire is utilised in order to gather information from this source (Tang & Zhang, 2013).
Secondary source: - There are various sources that get utilised for the purpose of data collection and it make inclusion of different sources like books, journals, websites, etc. All the information is gathered through it and get utilised for the purpose of analysis purpose as it directly helps in answering their set research questions (Suresh, et. al., 2011).
Response table: -
There are various evaluation techniques are available and for the purpose of analysing the gathered information and selected information is analysed such as: -
Survey Evaluation technique: - When the information is gathered from the primary source with the use of questionnaire and conduct survey.When the data is gathered through questionnaire by conducting survey then survey evaluation technique is fitted the most. With the use of it effective analysis is made over the data gathered and executed information is utilised further for the purpose of meeting their research questions (Cohen, et. al., 2014).
Bibliometric analysis: -The data gathered by accessing websites, books, journals, articles, etc. get effectively analysed with the use of this technique as it analyse for getting the information that utilised for answering the set research questions (Thomas, et. al., 2013).
The data gathered with the help of the questionnaire get arranged and segregated in effective manner as sample size is taken as 20 responses. All the analysis are made with the help of the tables and graphs in effective manner.
Table 1: - British Museum rendered adequate set of information related to history.
Analysis: -Majority of the visitors agreed that the British Museum rendered adequate knowledge related to the human history. Around 75% of the population is agreed with the statement made (Davy, 2015).
Table 2: - It is worth visiting the British Museum.
Analysis: -Majority of the population around 75% of them are agreed that visiting British Museum is worthy decision as they get to know about diverse human history (Davy, 2015).
Table 3: - The services rendered by the Museum staff is adequate enough to facilitate visitors.
Analysis: -The majority of the visitors are highly satisfied with the services rendered by the Museum staff members. The questions asked by the visitors effectively answered by the staff members in order to resolve their queries as well as satisfy them with adequate set of information (Bolt, 2013).
Table 4: - The labels placed in museum are sufficient enough to guide the ways.
Analysis: -The majority of the staff members are highly agreed with the statement that the labels or leaflets pasted in the different sections are effective in guiding the ways to the visitors (Bolt, 2013).
Table 5: - All the historical objects placed in Museum are easily visible.
Analysis: -The majority of the visitors rendered favourable answer for the British Museum as all the historical items that placed within the Museum are clearly visible and visitors are able to see them and understand (Jaffry & Apostolakis, 2011).
Table 6: - The services are effective enough that satisfying the needs of visitors.
Analysis: -Majority of the visitors are highly satisfied with the services rendered by the staff as they get the adequate information related to the items shown as well as any question or doubt get resolved by the member only (Jaffry & Apostolakis, 2011).
Table 7: - The diverse galleries attract the visitors in effective manner.
Analysis: -The visitors are highly satisfied with the diversion made by them in their galleries as it segregate the items according to the region that helps in satisfying the needs of the customers as it renders adequate set of information to them (Fernandez-Gotz, 2016).
Table 8: - The entry fees charged by Museum department is reasonable.
Analysis: -The most of the respondents are agreed with the statement that the charges charged by the British Museum is reasonable enough and satisfying the visitors. But there are some of the respondents that are not agreed with the statement but the ratio of these responses in low (Fernandez-Gotz, 2016).
Table 9: - Museum include history collection of different regions and countries.
Analysis: -The visitors who visit the British Museum reflects that there are diverse section made within the Museum as per the countries or regions that render adequate set of information to the visitors (Casey, 2016).
Table 10: - Diverse historical collection helps in getting diverse set of information.
Analysis: - The visitors of the British Museum stated that with the effect of the diverse historical collection they attain diverse set of information.And with this fact large number of respondents are highly agreed with the statement (Casey, 2016).
Future consideration: -When the research is conducted successfully then also there are various factors get indentified that helps in conducting research study further. And with the completion of this research study there are adequate measures that results into future consideration are as follows: -
These are the future considerations that results into conducting future research in effective manner in the near future.
Bolt, M. 2013, "The Citi Money Gallery, British Museum", Africa, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 357.
Casey, A. 2016, "A history of the world in 100 objects from the British museum", Teaching History, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 34-35.
Cohen, L.L., Feinstein, A., Masuda, A. & Vowles, K.E. 2014, "Single-case research design in pediatric psychology: considerations regarding data analysis", Journal of pediatric psychology, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 124.
Davy, J. 2015, "Dolphins at the British Museum: Zoomorphic Calusa Sinkers", Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, vol. 25, no. 2.
Fernandez-Gotz, M. 2016, "‘Celts: art and identity’ exhibition: ‘New Celticism’ at the British Museum", Antiquity, vol. 90, no. 349, pp. 237-244.
Jaffry, S. & Apostolakis, A. 2011, "Evaluating individual preferences for the British Museum", Journal of Cultural Economics, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 49-75.
Lodge, D. 2010, The British Museum is falling down, Penguin, London.
Luckhurst, R. 2013, "Tales from the British Museum", Science - Fiction Studies, vol. 40, pp. 191.
OHalloran, K.L., Tan, S., Pham, D.-., Bateman, J. & Vande Moere, A. 2016, "A Digital Mixed Methods Research Design: Integrating Multimodal Analysis With Data Mining and Information Visualization for Big Data Analytics", Journal of Mixed Methods Research, .
Paddon, H. 2016;2014;, Redisplaying Museum Collections: Contemporary Display and Interpretation in British Museums, New edn, Routledge Ltd, Farnham.
Speakman, N. 2014, "Gothic ivory carvings at the British Museum", Sculpture Journal, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 93-94.