Delivery in day(s): 5
Human resource management is the crucial and one of the advantages gaining aspect for any organization. The human resource management helps to foster the management of the different resources and provides the balance in the activities of the organization. The management of the resources of the organization leads to the greater success as it provides the management of the organizational activities. There are many different perspective of human resource management needed to be understood to functions of the organization at extreme level. There are many theories related to human resource management and the different rules and legislations regarding the human resource management are also impacting the management of the organization.
As the human resource is the most important asset for the organization it needs to be studied in depth. In this assignment the discussed topics will be the theories and the perspectives on the human resource management and the flexible working practices. The organization taken for this assignment is the Best way Group. In the context of the organization the topics are discussed and the understanding of the human resource management is more accessed.
The organization namely the Best way Group is based in the London, UK. It is the wholesale, cement, banking and the pharmacy dealing company which is the second largest wholesale company, providing its services to the 125000 independent retailers all over the nation.
Guest’s model of human resource management- The guest’s model of human resource management is the perspective of the David Guest’s that the human resource management is different from the traditional personnel or the employee management. It has the different way to look at for making the business more flexible.
David Guest's model of HRM has 6 dimensions of analysis:
This model explains that the commitment has the direct relationship with the valued business situations. But the relationship between the commitment and the high performance is not easy to maintain. The employee relationship is that which is between the individual and the organization.
Best way Group by applying this model in the organization will have to develop the HRM strategy, practices and outcomes as well as the company will get the outcomes of the employee behavior, performance and the finance. The organization has to understand the employee relations and the commitment of the organizational employees with their performance.
The Storey’s definitions of HRM and the practices of the human resource management is the different than the Guest’s model. The Storey’s model is based on the soft and hard human resource management and the stress management in the human resource of the organization.
The two organizations taken for the comparison are the Best way group of the UK and another one is the Palmer and Harvey. They both are the wholesaler of UK. The scenario is that the Best way group works on the hard human resource management practices and the Palmer and Harvey are working on the soft human resource management practices.
The differences made by the Storey in his definition of human resource management are that the soft human resource management focuses on the human aspects of human resource management whereas the hard human resource management believes in the people as a resource.
Differences between Storey’s definitions of human resource management
Treats employee as a cost
Treats employees as a resource
Covers market issues
Covers people issues
It has compliance
It has commitment
Based on quantitative aspect
Based on qualitative aspect
It is understood by the above table that the hard human resource management is the rough format of the HRM and includes the exploitation of the employee for the maximum return. The soft human resource management includes the benefit of the competitive advantage by the skills and the performance as well as the commitment of the employees.
The above mentioned organizations it is described that Best way group works on the hard human resource management practices and the Palmer and Harvey are working on the soft human resource management practices. The Best way Group is treating people of the organization as the cost and exploits them to work for the maximum return. This will result in the losing of the employees and the people and the company will face the problem in achieving the targets (Becker & Smidt, 2016).
The Palmer and Harvey works on the soft human resource management practices which has the positive impact on the organization as well as the on the people of the organization. The skills are improved and the better performance of the employee shows up.
The line mangers and the employees play an important role in the organization for its development and in achieving the organizational objectives. The strategic approach to the management is needed to run the management of the organization effectively.
The role of the managers and the employees in human resource management are:
The strategic management explains the use of business strategy to improve the human resource management within the organization. The different human resource management policies are used to organization activities to improve the functions of the organization (Boxall, 2014).
The Best way Group should manage its organizational management in a way that the line managers and employees consider the following approaches of the human resource management.There are three strategic approaches to management of human resources which are as followed.
Flexibility refers to be an ease in the working of the organization. Flexibility can be organizational structure flexibility and functional flexibility in an organization. Flexibility characterise itself as to use the talents of the employees more effectively and efficiently, accept changes and working with an ease.
The organization named the Best way Group may apply the flexibility model in an organization in order to increase the ease in the working and the stress free working business environment for the employees. The flexibility in an organization leads to the better achievement of the organizational goals and the objectives and the importance of the flexibility is that it enhances the performance of the employees as they get the unrestricted environment (Nolan, 2010).
The Best way Group can apply the flexibility model in their organization by introducing
There are various types of flexibility which an organization can develop or work upon to get the maximum efficiency and the effectiveness in an organization. The types of flexibility are discussed as below:
The Best way Group deals in the wholesale and the cement as well as the banking sectors and it needs to be flexible to gain the maximum efficiency and effectiveness in an organization as it works in so many different sectors. The most effective and essential flexibility methods in an organization will be functional, financial resources and cultural. This is because the functional flexibility will help the employees in learning the new work and the functions of the organization and in improving their skills. The financial flexibility will help the organization in reducing the pressure of finance and the loss to an organization and improve the confidence of the organization. The cultural barriers should also be removed and the team work should be promoted for achieving better results (Whyman, et.al, 2015,).
Flexibility in an organization is very effective and the flexible organization provides the ease of working as well as the motivation to the employees to work and achieve the organizational goals effectively and efficiently. The restrictions in the organization makes the employees not interested for the job and lose the morale to work. Therefore it is observed that the flexibility in an organization is very useful.
The flexibility helps the organization and it employees in-
The flexibility helps the organization and it employers in-
The various impacts on the flexible working practices of the changes in the labour market are that the changes in the business context means there is interest in using flexibility in
There are many forms of discrimination in the workplace that can take place in any organization such as:
The recent cases of the discrimination in the workplaces are observed and discussed here-
Testa, et.al, vs. Albertson’s was the case of pregnancy discrimination at the workplace which occurred in the February 2004.
Vasich vs. city of Chicago was the case of employment discrimination in the working place which took place in the July 19, 2011.
Every organization needs to follow the rules and regulations to maintain the dignity and healthy environment in an organization. The discrimination reduces the employee’s morale and demotivating them to work with an organization where they cannot get recognition and are discriminated. Discriminating employees and demoralize them is the punishable offence in the law and this should not be practice in an organization (Pagura, 2012).
The implications of the equal opportunities and the equality legislations on the Best way group organization are that:
Any organization which will discriminate the employees on any aspect is punishable in the eyes of laws and the acts and the legislations are made to improve these practices and make them aware of the healthy and happy environment. The Best way Group deals in the different sectors where different kinds of people come across to an organization and works with them. To discriminate the employees and to make them inferior can be harmful for the organization.
Equal opportunities: This approach means combined efforts, equal participation and shared responsibilities regardless of gender, ethnicity, disability, Sexuality.
Managing Diversity: Managing diversity aims at providing employees with backgrounds, needs, and skill sets that may vary widely with the opportunity to engage with the company and their co-workers.
Gender -Main focus is on justice for all and preventing discrimination.
Ethnicity - People in Ethnic minority should be treated equally and organizations should not stereotype.
Disability –Co-workers should try to motivate the disable employees instead of making fun of them.
Sexuality –In an organization,it should not be assumed that men can work more committed and efficient in their work compared to women (Ravazzani, 2016).
Brand Image –Purpose of this approach is to create a brand image of being a company that values and cares about the diversity of its employees.
Affirmative Action –This approach is to create a company that truly provides equal opportunity for people of diverse backgrounds and to pay fairly, promoted equitably.
Culture of Acceptance –It recognizes that diverse people have different styles, needs, characteristics, values, desires in the workplace.
Increase in Performance –To raise the productive output of each individual by understanding their unique differences.
The Best way Group focus on the managing diversity approaches whereas the Palmer and Harvey focus on the managing equal opportunities approaches. The similarities between these approaches are that they both boost up the morale of the employees and increase their performance. The differences between these approaches is that the equal opportunities approaches provides the organization with the increase in the equality in the organization where as the managing diversity provides the team work and diverse culture together (Riley, et.al, 2013).
The employee’s performance is needed to be managed properly so as to gain the information about hoe the employee is performing and how the organizational goals can be better achieved. The organization Best way Group uses the three methods to manage the performance of the employees. These methods are described below:
If comparison is to be done in the three methods of managing the performance it will be concluded that the three methods are very effective and are mostly used in the organizations but the management by objectives is the best method to adopt because it helps in achieving the objectives of the organization with the management of the performance. But in the other two methods the employee can be demotivated if they do not score or rank well.
The approaches used to managing the employee welfare in the organization are very important and are managed in an organization. In every organization there are the approaches that are used to manage the employee welfare in the organization. The Bestway Group uses the managing employee welfare approach are discussed below:
The health and the safety legislation on the human resource practices are the important as well as the beneficial to the organizations. The health and safety legislations are prepared with the motive of protecting the human rights and to provide the healthy and safety environment to the human resource of the organization. The people of the organization are looking to work with the organization which can provide a hygiene, healthy and safety environment that the people of the organization needs to achieve the organizational goals more effectively and efficiently. Such factors increase the motivation level of the employees and they desire to serve the organization more for the benefit of the organization. The implications or the affect of health and safety legislations on the human resource practices are:
The topical issue on the human resource practices has their impact on many sectors of the business and at every business. The major topical issue occurred in the Best way Group organization is the culture of the organization. The Best way Group has the different culture of hiring the employees and recruiting the employees for the job. The Best way Group provides the different stages to the people in the interview and selects on the basis of the pass interview stages. This impacted the organization in a way that the employees hired were the potential employees and the organization have hired them on the basis of their qualification and the best person who can perform the job or the task. The organization needs to be very specific in selecting the people or hiring the people for their betterment as they are the people who will be their asset in the coming future.
The culture of the organization also impacts the leadership style of human resource management. The employee are now trained and leaded by the good leader who can perform the task more effectively and efficiently because of the qualification and knowledge. By this we can make the conclusion that the people hired in the organization should have the quality and the knowledge of the task (Bratton, 2012).
The assignment above brings to the conclusion that the human resource management has the different and various perspectives and it is not only the traditional method of managing the people of the organization. It has the vast knowledge to understand and gain. The human resource management has the different models to understand it in depth and differently. It is understood that the flexibility in the workplace plays a very important role in encouraging employees to work more effectively and efficiently. The flexibility and its impacts have the roles to develop the organization. By this assignment and studying the human resource management topic it is understood that the organization can be impacted and get affected by the unequal opportunities and the discrimination in the working place. The discrimination in the employees makes them inferior and organization ends up by losing the potential employees. In this different human resource practices are also discussed and the various impacts it has on the working of the organization.
Brueller, N.N., Carmeli, A. &Markman, G.D. 2016, "Linking Merger and Acquisition Strategies to Postmerger Integration: A Configurational Perspective of Human Resource Management", Journal of Management.
Becker, K. &Smidt, M. 2016, "A risk perspective on human resource management: A review and directions for future research", Human Resource Management Review, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 149-165.
Tung, R.L. 2016, "New perspectives on human resource management in a global context", Journal of World Business, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 142-152.
Boxall, P. 2014, "The future of employment relations from the perspective of human resource management", Journal of Industrial Relations, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 578-593.
Nolan, S. 2010, "Workplace flexibility", Strategic HR Review, vol. 9, no. 2