Unit 15 Psychology for HSC

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Introduction


Aim

The aim of this unit is to develop understanding of the psychological factors which influence human behaviour throughout the lifespan and how these apply to health and social care settings.

Unit abstract

This unit will enable learners to understand the psychological factors which influence human behaviour and the effects these factors may have on users of health and social care services.Learners will focus on the basic approaches to understanding human behaviour drawn from psychology. These will include behavioural, cognitive, humanistic and psychodynamic approaches. Learners will also draw on use of concepts from psychology and sociology such as lifespan development, interactionism, deviance theory, anthropology and socialisation. The focus of the unit will be on the changing roles of individuals throughout the lifespan. The unit has been designed to develop learners understanding of those who use health and social care services through the application of psychological and sociological concepts. This understanding underpinning professional practice enables service providers to enhance and maintain the social functioning (valued roles) of individuals in health and social care settings. This unit also develops knowledge and understanding of the nature of social functioning and how valued roles are determined.

Learning outcomes


1 Understand theories of lifespan development

  • Life stages: infancy; early childhood; later childhood; adolescence; adulthood; late adulthood; final stages of life and death
  • Theories of lifespan development: stage versus open-ended theories; continuity versus discontinuity; static versus dynamic theories; idiographic versus nomothetic perspectives on personality
  • Theories: behavioural; cognitive; psychodynamic and humanistic
  • Theorists: Freud; Erikson; Maslow; Rogers; Beck; Piaget; other theorists as appropriate eg Buhler, Havighurst, Kohlberg, Gutmann, Lowenthal, Gould, Loevinger, Berne.

2 Understand social and biological determinants of human behaviour displayed in health and social care contexts

  • Social factors: socialisation; family; education; culture; media; environment; effects of discrimination; social exclusion
  • Biological factors: genetics; traits; blueprints; neuro-degenerative disorders eg Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s
  • Social roles: development of social roles; concept of conformity; social context of behaviour; social group membership; relationships (to include symbiotic interactionism); development of self concept eg Mead and Cooley
  • Context: sick-role behaviour; perception and interpretation of symptoms; use/misuse of health and social care services; compliance with treatments; emotional adjustment to illhealth; coping strategies eg user of service, survivor, organisational; institutionalization.

3 Understand how psychological theories are applied to health and social care practice

  • Psychological stress: causes of eg work-related, illness, chronic illness, bereavement, loss
  • Behaviour disturbance:attention deficit disorders; autistic spectrum disorders; behaviours associated with addiction
  • Mental health disorders: neurosis; psychosis eg depression, schizophrenia; eating disorders eg anorexia, bulimia
  • Behaviour change: health promotion (including various models and concepts linked to psychological theory); care strategies; coping strategies; avoidance therapy eg cognitive dissonance, denial, projection, perception; compensation for loss of identity; advocacy;policies based on normalisation theory; aggression and abuse policies
  • Relationships: user of service/families and friends; user of service/care worker; between care workers; between users of services.

Resources


  • Kong, L., Wang, J. & Yin, W. 2012, "A NOVEL DIELECTRIC CONFORMAL FDTD METHOD FOR COMPUTING SAR DISTRIBUTION OF THE HUMAN BODY IN A METALLIC CABIN ILLUMINATED BY AN INTENTIONAL ELECTROMAGNETIC PULSE (IEMP)", Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 126, pp. 355-373
  • Marcus, N.J., Rio, R., Schultz, E.P., Xia, X. & Schultz, H.D. 2014, "Carotid body denervation improves autonomic and cardiac function and attenuates disordered breathing in congestive heart failure", The Journal of Physiology, vol. 592, no. 2, pp. 391-408.

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