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Marketing can be defined as a process where producer of goods or services communicates with value of the product or services to the prospective customers. This communication is essential, since entire selling of the product is based on how effective is the process of marketing (Kotler & Armstrong, 2013). Based on the case study of Starbucks this case study will analyse the entire concept of marketing, the process involved in it, and various other aspects which are necessary to understand the importance marketing.
For a business organisation to succeed in its marketing, preparation of a strategic marketing plan is extremely important. Entire process of marketing planning process has been displayed below, and consists of following stages:
Figure 1: Marketing Planning Process
Two elements of marketing process w.r.t to Starbucks is as follows:
Goal Setting: This phase of marketing process identifies the core mission with Starbucks has established its business. Mission of Starbucks is “to inspire and nurture the human spirit – one person, one cup, and one neighbourhood at a time.”This clearly indicates that how Starbucks has focused on creating a market for coffee which is not only of high quality but is also affordable by people.
Analysis of Current Situation: Market Audit: This phase of marketing process focuses on analysis of the market condition and how a business can establish itself. In this regard Starbucks international expansion strategy can be considered. As a result of market audit Starbucks was able to understand that in order to expand in different geographies it is essential to hire multi lingual and multinational managers who can help the company in its worldwide expansion.
One important component of marketing planning process is SWOT analysis. SWOT analysis is a useful tools for marketers who can utilise it to understand the environment in which a business functions (Friesner, 2011). It is an important tool because it helps the organisation to identify the differentiating factor a product has against the competitor. Other benefits of SWOT analysis are:
SWOT analysis of Starbucks is as follows:
Market orientation approach defines the approach with which an organisation like Starbucks reacts to customer requirements (Narver& Slater, 1990).Thus decision which are taken are based purely on the basis of what customer need, rather than what business assumes or think about the customer. Starbuck’s growth and success to a great extent can be attributed to its market oriented approach.
Since its inception in 1971, Starbucks has evolved as an “anyone can drink coffee’ brand. Starbucks based on its marketing orientation has got following benefits:
In general market orientation has helped Starbucks in establishing its brand in countries where it is trying to expand its presence (Miles & Arnold, 2001). In terms of cost Starbucks spent more than 15% of its revenue on marketing budget in year 2012 in Asia region. This reflects the fact that how Starbucks has been aggressively focusing on expansion in growing countries. Based on its marketing orientation Starbucks is expecting to see a growth of 4.5 % from 2013 to 2014 based on its concentrated customer centric approach.
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